常見骨科和創傷外傷疾病名稱中英文對照

來自醫學百科

常見骨科和創傷外傷疾病(diseases of orthopedics and trauma)名稱中英文對照:

?complete (incomplete, closed, open, habitual, pathologic) dislocation[完全性(不完全性,閉合,開放,習慣性,病理性)脫位

?dislocation of elbow (hip) joint [肘(髖)關節脫位

?dislocation of shoulder[肩關節脫位

?closed (open, compression, epiphysial, stress, impacted, multiple, pathological)fracture[閉合性(開放性,壓縮性,骨骺,疲勞,嵌入性,多發性,病理性)骨折

?fracture of humeral shaft (head)[肱骨干(頭)骨折]

?fracture of scapula[肩胛骨骨折

?clavicular fracture [鎖骨骨折

?Smith fracture [史密斯骨折]

?fracture of the femoral neck (shaft) [股骨頸(干)骨折]

?fracture of patella [髕骨骨折

?fracture of sacrum (coccyx,pubis)[骶骨尾骨,恥骨)骨折]

?acute (chronic, pyogenic) osteomyelitis[急(慢,化膿)性骨髓炎

?bone tuberculosis [骨結核

?rheumatoid (traumatic) arthritis [類風濕外傷性)性關節炎

?gout[痛風

?osteomalacia[骨質軟化?。?

?rickets[佝僂病

?genu varum (valgum)[膝內(外)翻]

?wry neck (torticollis)[斜頸

?spina bifida manifesta(occulta)[顯(隱)性脊柱裂

?syndactylia (polydactylia) [并(多)指(趾)]

?flat foot [平足]

?scoliosis[脊柱側凸

?aseptic necrosis[無菌壞死

?scapulohumeral periarthritis[肩周炎

?rupture of tendon[肌腱斷裂]

?neurological (skin, soft tissue, vascular) injury[神經皮膚,軟組織,血管)損傷]

?ischemic contracture[缺血性肌攣縮

?tennis player`s elbow[網球運動員肘]

?synovitis (bursitis)[滑膜(滑囊)炎]

?ligamentous sprain (strain, avulsion tear)[韌帶扭傷勞損,撕脫傷,撕裂傷)]

?seperation of the symphysis pubis [恥骨聯合分離]

?fragility of bone[脆骨?。?

?osteoma (chondroma)[骨(軟骨)瘤]

?osteochondroma (osteoid osteoma)[骨軟骨瘤骨樣骨瘤)]

?bone cyst[骨囊腫

?osteoblastoma (osteoclastoma)[成(破)骨細胞瘤]

?chondroblastoma[成軟骨細胞瘤

?giant-cell tumor of bone[骨巨細胞瘤

?osteosarcoma (chondrosarcoma)[(軟)骨肉瘤

?fibrosarcoma of bone[骨纖維肉瘤

?hemangioma[血管瘤

?multiple myeloma(MM)[多發性骨髓瘤

?metastatic tumor of bone[轉移性骨腫瘤

?congenital deformity[先天性畸形

?Marfan`s syndrome [馬凡氏綜合征

?obstetic (cerebral) palsy[產傷性(大腦性)癱]

?osteoporosis[骨質疏松

?ankylosing spondylitis[強直性脊柱炎

?cervical spondylosis[頸椎病

?chondrophyte [軟骨疣]

?disc degeneration [椎間盤退行性病變]

?degenerative joint disease[退行性腱鞘囊腫

?osteoarthrosis[骨關節病

?sciatica[坐骨神經痛

?carpal tunnel syndrome[腕管綜合征

?tenosynovitis[腱鞘炎

?trigger finger[板機指]

?acromegaly[肢端肥大癥

?Kaschin-Back disease[大骨節病

?hemarthrosis[關節積血

?cold(paravertebral, psoas, soft tissue, sub-periosteal)abscess[冷(椎旁,腰大肌,軟組織,骨膜下)膿腫

?contusion (sprain, abrasion, concussion, avulsion, laceration)[挫(扭,擦,震蕩,撕脫,裂)傷]

?crush (cold) injury [擠壓(凍)傷]

?punctured (penetrating, perforating, incised) wound [刺(穿入,貫通,割)傷]

?rabies[狂犬病

?tetanus [破傷風

?snake bite[蛇咬傷

?first (second, third) degree burn[一(二,三)度燒傷

?electric (chemical) burn[電(化學)燒傷]

?fracture of skull[顱骨骨折

?cerebral concussion (contusion)[腦震蕩挫傷)]

?open(closed) trauma[開放(閉合)性外傷]

?intestinal trauma (injury)[腸外傷]

?liver (pancreas) injury[肝(胰腺)外傷]

?rupture of spleen(kidney)[脾(腎)破裂]